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領導力

2019年11月26日

專家認為,一定要認真思考跳槽的利弊,否則會出現新的麻煩。

圖片來源︰KLAUS VEDFELT GETTY IMAGES

職場網站領英(LinkedIn)的一份報告指出,每年的10月通常是企業發布招聘信息最多的月份,因為招聘經理們要趕在年底前填補空缺的職位。在一周7天里,雇主發布招聘信息最多的日子是周一。這個情報也是很重要的,如果你是頭25個遞交求職信的人中的一個,那麼你被錄取的概率就會大大增加。

如果你獲得了一個貌似很不錯的工作機會,那麼恭喜你了,但先別著開香檳。職業介紹和高管培訓機構Essex Partners的高級合伙人霍華德?塞德爾指出︰“很多時候,人們會為一份新工作的某些方面感到興奮——可能是錢,可能是頭餃,也可能是這家公司的名聲,但他們在接受這份工作前並沒有認真思考過跳槽的利弊。這樣通常會導致後續出現麻煩。”

塞德爾認為,在跳槽之前,我們應該先思考以下幾個問題︰

你對這份工作有什麼不清楚的地方嗎?你是否發現了某些警兆?

“新公司對你的期待可能是比較籠統的,尤其是如果這是一個新職位。”塞德爾表示。不過你首先需要弄明白的是,公司所有人對這個職位的目標是否認同?你在這個職位上干到怎樣才算成功?公司對你未來半年或一年的表現有何期待?如果你不確定,就應該問一問。同樣,如果你提前對這家公司或這個行業做了一番研究,結果卻發現了一些令人擔憂的跡象,那麼不要猶豫,一定要直接提出來——當然要以一種巧妙的方式。你完全可以告訴面試官︰“我對這個機會很感興趣,但是我有幾個問題……”然後仔細听听他們的回答,哪怕他們的答案是你不希望听到的(越是這種情況就越要警惕)。

你和你最親近的人談過了嗎?

跳槽一般意味著升職加薪,但也意味著要加更久的班、出更多的差,有更多的應酬,總之會給你身邊的人帶來某種影響。所以在你跳槽之前,你要清楚它將給你的生活帶來哪些變化,你身邊的人是否都能夠接受這種變化。常言說,獲得原諒比獲得允許容易。但明明是可以提前溝通的事情,為什麼非要先斬後奏呢?

這份工作是否符合你的長期職業規劃?

這一點有些難度。就像塞德爾所說的那樣︰“你肯定不想向招聘經理或者人事部門傳達這樣一種信息︰‘我只是想把這份工作當成一個跳板或者墊腳石。’”當然,哪怕你真的這麼想,也不能說出來。另外,不要忘了這份工作的發展前景,原來干這份工作的人如今在做什麼,以及你能夠獲得哪些培訓和技能發展的機會。塞德爾表示︰“這就是所謂的‘職業定位’,也就是說,接受這份工作,對你以後的發展有什麼幫助?”有一種辦法會給你一些啟發,那就是“問問你的面試官,他是如何干到現在這個職位的。”

見到你未來的老板了嗎?

塞德爾指出︰“即便這份工作是一個很好的機會,但如果你要跟一個你不喜歡或者沒辦法打交道的人共事,那你基本上也做不出什麼成就。”有意思的是,根據領英網的另一項調查,大多數求職者雖然同意這種看法,但他們往往不會付諸行動。有76%的受訪者對領英網表示,在考慮是否接受一份新工作時,與這家公司的領導能否相處得好,是他們會考慮的一個“很重要”的因素。有超過一半(66%)的受訪者表示,如果他們認為自己連尊重這家公司的領導都做不到,就會拒絕這份工作。不過也有59%的受訪者承認,他們在求職時從未詢問過新領導的管理風格,有44%的受訪者“從未”要求與未來的同事聊聊新領導的情況。所以毫不例外,在這些人中,有42%的人曾經因為與領導相處發生矛盾而辭職過。

你在入職現公司時簽了哪些文件?

還記得你入職現公司的第一天,人事部門搬來了一堆法律文件讓你簽字嗎?現在,你不妨撢去上面的灰塵,仔細讀一讀,或是請個律師來替你看看。你很有可能已經在入職時簽下了“非競爭條款”。這東西以前只見于高級管理人員的合同,但現在很多公司在招人時都用上了這一招,你在簽合同時甚至可能壓根沒有意識到。這些規定五花八門,但基本上都規定了你在離職後的一段時期內不得為同行業的任何其他公司工作——這段時期通常是一到兩年。

仔細審視一下這些合同,你會發現里面的很多東西都是“坑”。比如塞德爾指出︰“如果你在就職時拿到了一筆簽約獎金或者安置津貼,那麼如果你在一段特定時間內離職的話,公司可能會要求你退還這筆錢。”假設你僥幸避過了這個大坑,前面還會有另一個坑在等著你——招聘協議往往是求職者和用人企業通過談判達成的,尤其是如果求職者應聘的職位較高,或者具備一些難以替代的重要技能。但不管是哪種情況,“你都要知道談判里有哪些風險。”塞德爾表示︰“這樣你就會知道,將來你可能面臨哪些風險。”

所以說,在你決定跳槽之前,別不好意思提要求,一定要提前看看自己要簽的協議。這不會讓你顯得很小肚雞腸,只會讓用人單位覺得你是一個謹慎的人——而哪家企業不喜歡這一點呢?(財富中文網)

譯者︰樸成奎

October is the busiest month of the year for new job postings, says a report from LinkedIn, as hiring managers rush to fill openings before year-end, and the day of the week when employers post the most new jobs is Monday. That matters: Being among the first 25 applicants for a job makes you three times more likely to be hired.

If you’ve been offered a great new opportunity, congrats! But don’t break out the bubbly just yet. “Too often, people get so excited about some aspect of the job —whether it’s the money, the title, or the company name— that they don’t think critically enough before they accept,” notes Howard Seidel, a senior partner at outplacement and executive coaching firm Essex Partners. “That usually leads to trouble later.”

Seidel suggests this checklist to consider before you leap:

Is there anything about the job that’s unclear, or a red flag?

“What will be expected of you can be a little fuzzy, especially if it’s a new role that’s just recently been created,” Seidel says. Does everyone agree on what the job’s goals are, what success will look like, and what the employer expects from you in the next six or twelve months? If you’re not sure, now is the time to ask. Likewise, if your research on the company, or the industry, turned up anything worrisome, don’t hesitate to bring it up —tactfully, of course. “It’s perfectly okay to tell an interviewer, ‘I’m really excited about this opportunity, but I just have a few questions...’” Then listen carefully to the answers, even (or especially) if they’re not what you were hoping to hear.

Have you talked it over with your nearest and dearest?

A new job often means more money, but also longer hours, more travel, client dinners at night, or some other change in your routine that will affect other people in your life. Before you sign on, try to get a clear idea of how your day-to-day schedule might be different, and make sure everybody’s on board with it. It may be easier to get forgiveness than permission, as the saying goes, but why chance it?

How will the job fit into your long-term career plans?

This can be a little tricky because, as Seidel puts it, “you don’t want to convey to a hiring manager or an HR person that you only see this as a stepping stone to something else” (even if you do). Still, don’t neglect to ask about where the job leads, what the people who held it in the past are doing now, and what kinds of training and skills development will be available to you. “I call it positioning,” Seidel says. “That is, how will taking this job position you for where you want to end up later?” One approach that can be illuminating: “Ask the person interviewing you how he or she got to the role they’re in now.”

Have you met your future boss?

“Even if the job is great, doing it alongside people you don’t like, or can’t connect with, almost never works out,” notes Seidel. Interestingly, most job seekers say they agree, but they usually don’t act on it, according to a different LinkedIn survey. Consider that 76% of “working professionals” told LinkedIn’s pollsters that, when weighing a job offer, it’s “essential” that they like the person they’d be reporting to, and well over half (66%) would turn down the offer if they didn’t believe they could at least respect their new manager. Yet 59% admit they’ve never asked about the management style of the boss they’d be working for, and 44% “never” request a chat with a prospective coworker about what it’s like to report to this person. Perhaps not surprisingly, 42% of this group have quit a job because they couldn’t get along with the boss.

What did you sign when you joined your current employer?

Remember that pile of legalese that the HR department put in front of you on the first day of the job you have now? Dust it off and read it carefully, or have a lawyer take a look. Noncompete clauses, once limited to senior executives’ contracts, have been popping up in all kinds of employment agreements in recent years, and you may have signed one without realizing it. These provisions vary widely, but many of them prohibit you from working for any other company in your industry —especially a competitor— for a given period of time, usually a year or two.

You might find a few other surprises in the paperwork. For instance, Seidel points out, “if you received a signing bonus or a relocation allowance when you took this job, you might be required to pay it back if you leave the company within a specified period.” But let’s say you’re in the clear. One more thing: Employment agreements are often subject to negotiation between candidates and companies, especially if the candidate is high-ranking or has essential, hard-to-replace skills. In any case, “you need to know what’s in there,” says Seidel, “so you know what risks you may be taking in the future.”

So, before you jump at that great job offer, don’t be shy about asking to see the agreement you’d be signing. It won’t make you seem nit-picky, just thorough —and what employer doesn’t want that?

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